Bitter leaf is a well-known remedy for stomach aches and may protect from stomach ulcers. Studies have also shown that it may help prevent prostate cancer in men- it is thought that the high levels of vitamins, minerals, and phyto-chemicals such as flavonoids contribute to the preventative qualities of bitter leaf in regards to prostate cancer. Drinking a Bitter leaf solution at night, before bed is thought to bring on a calmness and relaxation that aids sleep. A study in the International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine has shown that the plant may have a positive effect on sperm quality and thus, fertility. Bitter leaf contains flavonoids, which have powerful antioxidant effects, thus relieving fever. Bitter leaf inhibits particular processes in the body, and as a result, may have a positive effect on high blood pressure. Vitamin C is a great antioxidant mineral found in bitter leaf, which plays a vital role in the body, including the maintenance of bones and teeth. Bitter leaf also contains traces of vitamin K which helps the body maintain healthy bones and prevents the weakening of bone tissue, also known as osteoporosis. Another nutrient in bitter leaf is vitamin E, which serves as an antioxidant fighting against free radicals that have harmful effects on the body’s system.